Wednesday, August 26, 2020

To what extent is the HR function essential in achieving successful Essay

How much is the HR work fundamental in accomplishing fruitful association change - Essay Example Human Resource as a change specialist has the accompanying job in operatiopnal adequacy: overseeing society change forms; encouraging groups and gatherings to actualize change; and recognizing change operators inside the association (Wapshott and Spicer, 2005). The Human Resource practical abilities are maybe more generally known to incorporate Human Resource Planning and Staffing; Performance the board and advancement; representative and work relations; remuneration and advantages; wellbeing, security, government assistance and security; frameworks data and the executives; and authoritative structure and improvement (Brewster, Farndale, and Ommeren, 2000). Man as a social creature thinks that its difficult to exist in relative harmony with no type of association. Without an association disorder regularly results, formal or casual, associations exist in some structure to give request in the public arena. In Britain and the remainder of the modern present reality, it is practically di fficult to envision existence without the plenty of associations that include and make conceivable our regular day to day existence (Burnes, 2004). Associations being made out of various people and character is in consistent motion in this manner are inclined to impacts that can acquire a huge measure of progress each moment of its reality (Alfes, Truss, and Gill, 2010). Temporariness and transition are progressively turning out to be significant highlights of present day life achieved by significant development in the scale and extent of progress and the quickening pace of progress (Hayes, 2002). Singular change is at the core of everything that is accomplished in associations. When people have the inspiration to accomplish something else, the entire world can start to change (Cameron and Green, 2009). By any goal measure, the measure of huge, regularly horrible, change in associations has become immensely in the course of recent decades. Albeit a few people foresee that a large po rtion of the reengineering, redistributing, restrategizing, mergers, scaling back, quality endeavors, and social restoration tasks will before long vanish, I feel that is exceptionally far-fetched (Hadley, 2009). Amazing macroeconomic powers are busy working here, and these powers may become significantly more grounded throughout the following not many decades. Therefore, an ever increasing number of associations will be pushed to lessen costs, improve the nature of items and administrations, find new open doors for development, and increment efficiency (Kotter, 1996). In the book â€Å"The Heart of Change† a diagram of an eight-advance model for change was partitioned into three significant gatherings: 1. Making the atmosphere for change; 2. Drawing in and empowering the entire association; and 3. Actualizing and continuing the change. The eight-advance are: 1. Increment criticalness; 2. Manufacture controlling groups; 3. Get the vision right; 4. Convey for purchase in; 5. E mpower activity; 6. Make momentary wine; 7. Don’t let up; 8. Make it stick (Cohen, 2005). In a similar book, two ways to deal with change were proposed: investigation think-change and see-feel-change (Cohen, 2005). For all intents and purposes the Human Resource is toward the beginning and end of the procedure (Kotter and Schlesinger, 2008). In the Eight-advance model the center and empowering agent for each progression is the Human Resource association. Life is in a condition of consistent motion, the equivalent can be said about association. A few changes are major and a few changes are unimportant, regardless of how huge or immaterial the volume of progress is, change changes the association until the end of time. What's more, at the middle

Saturday, August 22, 2020

INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION - Essay Example ture is a component in molding these variables just as the fundamental perspectives about different issues, for example, work, achievement, riches, authority, value, etc. Language contrasts: One of the significant reasons for miscommunication is the utilization of language. This can happen regardless of whether two individuals communicate in a similar language, in view of contrasts in use. Oftentimes, individuals from various societies communicate in various dialects. In these cases, correspondence happens through a procedure of interpretation. Tragically, interpretation frequently neglects to pass on the soul of the correspondence. Now and again, it changes the significance by and large, and in others it has unintended undertones. Two or three models refered to by Ekwulugo (94) outline the effect of language contrasts and how they can cause correspondences to go haywire. The principal concerns General Motors’ mainstream vehicle brand Chevy Nova, a name that is notable and famous in numerous nations of the world, and related with an effective and lofty vehicle. In Spanish, this name implies â€Å"Does not go†, which terribly distorts the message that the organization needs to pass on. Observation: Different individuals see things in an unexpected way. One reason for this distinction in recognition is the manner in which individuals have been adapted. Recognition is the manner in which individuals process data. Crude information that goes to an individual is changed over to data in light of such handling. Various words and images gain various implications in various societies. For instance, making a hover with the thumb and forefinger implies â€Å"okay† in America, means cash in Japan, and is what might be compared to demonstrating the bottoms of one’s feet in Thailand. Torn and decrepit garments are an indication of neediness to Indians, while in parts of Europe they mean opportunity. Plainly when an American is attempting to state Okay, an individual from Thailand will comprehend it as a hostile signal (Pickton and Broderick 53) Qualities and convictions: Values and convictions likewise influence correspondence

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Medication or Substance-Induced Neurocognitive Disorder

Medication or Substance-Induced Neurocognitive Disorder Addiction Drug Use Print Medication or Substance-Induced Neurocognitive Disorder When Alcohol, Drugs or Medications Cause Mild Problems With Brain Functioning By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Updated on August 12, 2019 istockphoto / Getty Images More in Addiction Drug Use Cocaine Heroin Marijuana Meth Ecstasy/MDMA Hallucinogens Opioids Prescription Medications Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery Mild neurocognitive disorder due to substance/medication use and major neurocognitive disorder due to substance/medication use  are the diagnostic names for two alcohol- or drug-induced major neurocognitive disorders?major obviously being the more severe form. Unlike the problems with mental functioning that happen during intoxication or with a hangover the morning after alcohol useâ€"that pass fairly quicklyâ€"mild neurocognitive disorder continues to cause difficulty with mental functioning on an ongoing basis. For some people, it can impact their day-to-day functioning permanently. Many people who develop a neurocognitive disorder after using alcohol, drugs, or medications, dont actually realize they have these problems. Family and friends may be the first to notice problems with paying attention, remembering important things they need to do, and planning properly to manage their lives. In fact, the problems that people with mild neurocognitive disorder due to substance or medication use experience may only be helped by family or friends providing or arranging for additional support for the person in their daily lives. What Are Cognitive Deficits? Cognitive deficits are problems with mental functioning. Mental functioning ranges from perception to memory, from managing emotions to planning for the future, or even simply planning your meals and activities for today. Mental functioning is also needed for controlling your body movements, balance, coordination, as well as speech, communication of all kinds, understanding and getting along with other people. Even recognizing people and knowing the role they play in your life is controlled by mental functioning. So when cognitive deficits develop, a person can quickly find life difficult to cope with, and problems can develop rapidly. A huge risk for people with a history of drinking or drug use is that they can go back to these unhealthy ways of coping with problems, making cognitive functioning even worse. Cognitive deficits can occur as part of a brain disorder, but when they are due to a substance or medication use, there is a decline or worsening of mental abilities that were at a higher level of functioning. There is a variety of cognitive deficits that can occur as part of this condition, including: Difficulty paying attention or concentrating on what you are doing or what is going on around youDifficulty with executive functioning;  skills like making plans for the future, controlling impulses to do things that might not be a good idea, particularly in the long term, and making decisions about everything from what to wear on a hot or cold day to financial planning for the next 10 yearsLearning new skillsâ€"this doesnt just mean learning in school, or learning skills like driving, but learning everyday things we are all required to do, like learning to use a new type of technologyProblems with remembering informationâ€"not only difficult, abstract information, but everyday information, such as your phone number, address, and where you need to go todayDifficulties with speaking and communicating clearly with other peoplePerceptual-motor skillsâ€"how you control your body and movements, even something you take for granted, such as walkingSocial awareness and understanding of other peopleâ€"from treating people with caring and courtesy through to knowing when someone is trying to rip you off Is It a Substance-Induced or Pre-Existing Disorder? When doctors or psychologists give a diagnosis of mild neurocognitive disorder due to substance/medication use, they check to make sure that the cognitive deficits werent there before the person used the alcohol, drug, or medication that is thought to be responsible for their difficulties. This is because there are different types of neurocognitive disorders, and if the symptoms were there before the substance use, the person is probably not suffering from the substance/medication-induced type of neurocognitive disorder, but instead, some other type of neurocognitive disorder. For people who have a long history of substance use, it can be difficult to know what came firstâ€"the substance use or the neurocognitive disorderâ€"but this can often be determined by taking a careful history of substance use and cognitive functioning, as well as carefully managing detox with an extended period of abstinence from all alcohol, drugs, and medications that may have induced the disorder. How Soon After Taking the Drug Can Neurocognitive Problems Be Induced? In some cases, neurocognitive problems can develop almost immediately after taking the drug or medication. As the brain doesnt typically function at its best during drug intoxication and withdrawal, it can be difficult for doctors to know whether the mental problems the person is experiencing are the result of a slow recovery of normal brain functioning after using alcohol or drug use for a long time. Usually, mental skills will improve a great deal within a few days of stopping drinking or taking drugs, and continue to improve as the person moves through the detox process over the next couple of weeks. Sometimes, it can take months or even years for functioning to return to normal. However, in other cases, even if the person improves, the problems can be persistent, and normal functioning may not fully return. Finally, for the diagnosis of mild (rather than major) neurocognitive disorder due to substance/medication use to be given, the person would still be independent in everyday activities, such as paying bills or managing medications, but these activities may take more effort or compensatory strategies, or the person might need extra help to accomplish them. Which Drugs Cause Substance-Induced Neurocognitive Disorder? A wide variety of psychoactive substances can cause mild neurocognitive disorder due to substance/medication use, including the following: Alcohol We know more about mild neurocognitive disorder in alcohol  users than in other drug users, because more research has been conducted on drinkers than on drug users, and the impact of alcohol on the health of the brain is well known. About 30 to 40% of heavy drinkers have some form of alcohol-induced mild neurocognitive disorder, during the first month or two after they stop drinking. These problems are more likely to continue for a longer time in people who are 50 or older before they quit drinking. Even though psychological tests show that their brains are not working normally, people with this condition may not be aware they are impaired, therefore family and friends may be the ones to notice the person is having difficulty. Inhalants People can sometimes suffer from mild neurocognitive disorder right after intoxication with inhalant drugs,  and for some peopleâ€"even after quitting inhalantsâ€"these problems can continue. A study of inhalant users showed that most had improved significantly after two years of discontinuing inhalant use, and most had returned to normal cognitive functioning after 15 years of abstinence. The exception was a group of inhalant users who had developed lead encephalopathy from leaded petroleum (gasoline) inhalation. These people continued to have inhalant-induced neurocognitive disorder even 15 years after stopping sniffing gasoline. In these cases, the disorder may not be mild but may be major, meaning that the persons ability to function independently is severely disrupted. Cocaine About a third of people who use cocaine experience mild neurocognitive disorder after they quit cocaine, with some people continuing to have these problems long term after they have quit. A study has shown that people who are active cocaine users perform significantly worse on various tests of neurocognitive functioning than people of the same age who do not use cocaine, regardless of their age. However, the same study showed that older cocaine users perform much worse on tests of particular cognitive functions such as psychomotor speed, attention, and short-term memory than younger cocaine users. While it is normal and natural for peoples neurocognitive abilities to decline with age, this normal deterioration is more pronounced in older cocaine users. Therefore, older cocaine users are particularly vulnerable to problems that come with age, such as being able to control their movements, focus their attention on what they are doing and what is going on around them, and remembering everything from what they need to do today, to the important people and events in their lives. Methamphetamine As with cocaine, about a third of people who use methamphetamine suffer from a mild neurocognitive disorder, with persistent problems in some users after abstinence. Neurocognitive problems can also result from cerebrovascular disease which leads to diffuse or focal brain injury. The executive functioning of methamphetamine users is even worse in people who have also used the drug ketamine. Opioids About 33 to 39 percent of  people who use opioids have neurocognitive problems, and some continue to have problems even after they have quit. Research has shown that opioid-dependent adults have high rates of neurocognitive impairment, with severe problems in learning and memory. People who have been addicted to alcohol and cocaine at some point in their lives, as well as opioids, have a greater neurocognitive impairment, particularly in executive functioning. Because executive functioning is critical for making decisions, and because having problems with learning and memory can interfere with properly taking in information, people with opioid addictions may need more support  for making medical decisions than most people. Phencyclidine About a third of phencyclidine users have intermediate neurocognitive problems after they stop, with persistent problems in some users after abstinence. Sedative, Hypnotic, or Anxiolytic Medications As with many types of drugs, there are intermediate problems in about a third of users of sedative, hypnotic, and anxiolytic medications, with persistent problems in some users after abstinence. The fact that most people who use these drugs are prescribed them presents particular problems, especially with issues such as driving impairment. Experimental research has shown specific deficits in driving ability in people who use these medications. Benzodiazepines, a type of central nervous system depressant, is also associated with the greatest likelihood of causing accidents. A Word From Verywell Cognitive impairments resulting from alcohol, drug, or medication use can be confusing and upsetting and can cause problems for the individual affected  and those around them. The good news is that if you stop drinking or using the drug or medication under medical supervision, the odds are good for making a full recovery, even if this takes time. If you or someone you care about is affected, getting a diagnosis will help determine what help is needed for functioning well in everyday life.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Critically discuss the differences in the view of conflict between ... - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 6 Words: 1934 Downloads: 5 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Introduction The employment relationship refers to a fundamental antagonism between an employer and employee. Therefore, the intrinsic characteristic of employment relationship is conflict (Blyton and Turnbull, 2004). Actually, conflict is inevitable at work. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Critically discuss the differences in the view of conflict between " essay for you Create order The key lies with how to manage conflict so that it can develop positive effects. However, there are different views against conflict in the theoretical circle. Generally speaking, there are three major theoretical perspectives such as Unitarist, Pluralist and Marxist perspective to view employee relations. In this essay, it will firstly introduce those three perspectives and then critically discusses the differences in the view of conflict among them on employee relations. Secondly, it will describe the development of employee relations in the UK before elaborating appropriate perspective for the analysis of employee relations in the UK. It considers that Pluralist perspective is the most suitable perspective rather than other two perspectives for analyzing the British employee relations. At last, it will make a conclusion in a few words. Theoretical perspectives on employee relations Unitarist, Pluralist and Marxist perspective have been described for understanding and analyzing employee relations. Each of them provides a different interpretation towards workplace conflict, the role of unions and job regulation (Edwards, 2003). In other words, those three perspectives hold different views against conflict in the employee relations. The following paragraphs will introduce three perspectives one by one. After that, it will summarize the differences among them. Unitarist perspective Seeing from the Unitarist perspective, the organization is regarded as an integrated and harmonious group of people with one loyalty culture. Specified explanations are as follows. Such an organization attaches much importance to mutual cooperation. Moreover, all employees within the organization share a mutual purpose. In addition, this perspective similar to paternalism has a high requirement for the loyalty of all employees. The management of such an organization is outstanding due to its emphasis and application. For this reason, it has been concluded that trade unions are not necessary for the mutual exclusiveness of the loyalty between organizations and employees. However, the conflict on employee relations is considered pathological and disruptive outcome caused by interpersonal friction, communication breakdown, as well as agitators (Kaufman, 2004). Pluralist perspective From the perspective of Pluralist, organization is made up of various sectional groups. Each group has its legal loyalties, goals and leaders. Particularly, management and trade unions are two remarkable sectional groups in the Pluralist perspective. As a result, the main job responsibility of management is not enforcement and control but persuasion and coordination. However, trade unions are acted as lawful delegates of employees. The conflict is inevitable here and the conflict in the Pluralistic perspective is solved by collective bargaining. Generally speaking, conflict is always associated with bad things. However, conflict if being managed well can also take place evolution and positive change from the perspective of Pluralism (Kaufman, 2004). Marxist perspective Marxist perspective is also called radical perspective. This perspective is to reveal the nature of the capitalist society. It thinks that workplace relations are against the history. It recognizes inequalities in power in the employment relationship and in wider society as a whole. Consequently, conflict is perceived as an inevitable result. Whatacirc;â‚ ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s more, a natural response regarding workers against the capitalism exploitation is seen as trade unions. The managementacirc;â‚ ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢s position would be improved by institutions of joint regulation from the view of Marxism if having the periods of acquiescence, because they suppose rather than challenge the proceeding of capitalism (Hyman, 1975). Differences among three perspectives According to the descriptions toward three perspectives, it is obviously that they have different understandings against conflict. The Unitarist view perceives conflict as a word with derogatory sense and it puts forward three reasons of generating conflict such as agitators, interpersonal friction and communication breakdown. It employs a paternalistic approach, so it is short of the conflict between capital and labor which is the focus of Marxist perspective. Moreover, it does not refer to the solution. On the contrary, the Pluralist view indicates that collective bargaining is the way of tackling conflict. Another difference lies in that sometimes conflict can be positive. It implies the importance of conflict management. It can be seen that the Pluralist view pays much attention to conflict resolution and how to how to manage conflict. Moreover, it considers that the power between parties with different interests is equal, which is just opposite to the Marxist perspective. Actu ally, the Marxist view is very radical. From its point of view, the inevitability of conflict comes from the inequalities of powers caused by capitalism exploitation. That is to say, different from Unitarist perspective, the Marxist perspective gives different reasons of bringing about conflict. Appropriate perspective for analyzing employee relations in the UK In this part, it will firstly describe the development process of employee relations in the UK. Afterwards, it will prove that three perspectives can be applied to analyze the British employee relations but the Pluralist perspective is the most appropriate view for analyzing British employee relations. According to the definition of collective bargaining by International Labor Organization, one party of collective bargaining is one employer, some employers or one or several employer organizations while the other party is one or several worker organization (Herman, 1998). It is obviously that the collective bargaining is not feasible without the union of workers. In Medieval England, the relationship between employers and employees was equal but not class relations. As usual, most of competent employees would live in a separate house or married the daughter of employers. The sprout of the capitalist way of production provided possibility for the emergence of industrial relations. The distinction of manufacturing rights and power of management, the division of employers and employees, as well as the existence of a great many permanent labors provided soil for the generation of the trade union. At the early stage of capitalism, there was not law or system to guarantee the basic life of employees. In order to make a living, workers must negotiate with employers. Although a lot of inequalities existed between them, workers did not have enough countervailing power through individual negotiation or signing contract with each worker. In order to improve life and working conditions, labors gradually united and struggled with employers. At the end of 1600s, trade union emerged as the times require. Because the industrial workers did not form strong hierarchy, the primary labor movement was only limited to the range of manual workers. One of important role of the early trade union on behalf of workers was to negotiate with employers for salary, employment conditions and so on. At the end of 1700s, the collective agreement between employment labor organizations and employers came to the UK, which is the earliest collective agreement in the world (Fraser, 1999). The UK as the source origin of Industrial Revolution is also a country developing trade union movement earliest in the world (Williams and Smith, 2006). Therefore, the British labor relations system is with distinctive characteristics. In the development history of British Labor Laws, collective bargaining is regarded as an effective way to resolve labor disputes. Before the Second World War, the collective bargaining in the UK was mainly a national negotiation. The national collective agreement covered most of workers. Until 1970s, some local collective bargaining emerged. More and more employers started to withdraw from national collective bargaining. Corporate-level collective bargaining gradually occupied dominant position replacing national collective bargaining (Gospel, 1998). Mo reover, the government also supported decentralized collective bargaining and the regulatory institutions such as wages council were abolished. In addition, the British law fully protected the interests of members of trade union and stated a variety of immunities against trade unions so that they would not be charged owing to strikes or other industrial actions. However, collective bargaining has begun to suffer multifarious criticisms since 1980s. Someone criticized that the collective bargaining was too disruptive, because the breakdown of collective bargaining brought about too frequently industrial actions so as to weaken domestic economic competitiveness. As a result, the coverage of collective bargaining gets smaller and smaller. According to the statistics, the coverage has already decreased from 70% in 1984 to 41% in1998 (Addison and Siebert, 2002). In any way, collective bargaining was the basis of the British employee relations for much of the 20th century. Based on the introduction of employee relations in the UK, it can be seen that the British collectivism has already went through the development process from sprout to be legal. In Medieval England, the relationship between employers and employees can be explained with the paternalistic approach. Employers and employees were loyal with the ideal of acirc;â‚ ¬Ã…“a happy familyacirc;â‚ ¬Ãƒâ€šÃ‚  and did not need the trade union to solve conflicts, which is the emphasis of the Unitarist perspective. Consequently, the inequalities existed between employers and employees at the beginning stage of capitalism. Employees were exploited by employers, but they had not enough strong power to solve them. For this reason, the inequalities in power in employment relationship can be analyzed by the Marxist view. After that period of time, the trade union came into being and was firstly responsible for negotiating with employers regarding the issues of wage and employment condition. Afterwards, the co llective agreement emerged in the UK with the improvement of trade union. Moreover, the diversification of employees created conditions for the expansion of trade unions and members. As a result, the form of collective bargaining was more common and was regarded as an effective solution to conflict in labor disputes, which is identical with the view of the Pluralist perspective. Employers gradually found the disadvantages of collective bargaining and less took part in the collective bargaining. As a matter of fact, the decline of collective bargaining can also attribute to the shortcomings of the Pluralist perspective which focused too much on the solution to conflict and the accommodation to change and power differences. In other words, it neglects the government influences and power differences at all employee relations levels. As a whole, the deficiencies of collective bargaining lead to its declination in the British employee relations, but its role can not be substituted for an y other kind of conflict resolution. It can be concluded that the Pluralist perspective has greatly influenced the employee relations in the UK and will continue to develop its effects, which is natural to be the most appropriate perspective for analyzing the British employee relations compared with other two perspectives. Conclusion To sum up, different people have different minds. The Unitarism, Pluralism and Marxism have already expressed their views against the conflict on employee relations. However, there are some differences in their views. Three perspectives are from different angles and have different emphases. After discussing the differences among three perspectives, it has elaborated my own opinion that the Pluralist perspective is the most appropriate for the analysis of employee relations in the UK based on the development process of the British employee relations. It can be concluded from the analyses that collective bargaining with irreplaceable role is playing a less and less important role in the British employee relations with the various changes in employment and the labor force. In addition, conflict management is extremely significant for the sustainable development of organizations. People should not only focus on the conflict resolution but also pay attention to the influences of other f actors. As a result, it is very crucial and indispensable for every organization to establish positive employee relation so as to attract and retain high-quality staff, to improve employee productivity, to increase employee loyalty, to enhance working morale, to elevate business performance, as well as to reduce absence rate (Lewis and Saunders, 2003). (1973 words)

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The French Verb Conjugations of Chauffer (to Heat)

In French,  the verb  chauffer  means  to heat. This can easily be confused with chauffeur as in driver. To keep it straight, think of the verb more like a chaffing dish, meaning a heated food serving platter you often see at buffets or banquets. Conjugating the French Verb  Chauffer​ As with all French verbs, we need to conjugate  chauffer  in order for it to mean heating or heated. The -ing and -ed endings are English conjugations and they are universal to the subject. Yet, in French, we must match the verb with the tense as well as the subject: the endings for we is different than the endings for I. While verb conjugations are challenging  for many French students, those that end in -er  often follow a prescribed pattern.  Chauffer  is one of those because it is a  regular -er verb. We take the stem of  chauff  and add particular endings according to the subject and tense. These same endings are used for similar verbs like  brà »ler  (to burn) and  allumer  (to light), making each a little easier to learn than the first. Using the chart, pair the subject pronoun to the proper tense for your subject. For example, I heat is je chauffe and we will heat is nous chaufferons. Subject Present Future Imperfect je chauffe chaufferai chauffais tu chauffes chaufferas chauffais il chauffe chauffera chauffait nous chauffons chaufferons chauffions vous chauffez chaufferez chauffiez ils chauffent chaufferont chauffaient The Present Participle of  Chauffer The  present participle  of chauffer  is chauffant. For this conjugation, it is as easy as adding -ant  to the verb stem. It is used as a verb and will also work as an adjective, gerund, or noun when needed. The Past Participle and Passà © Composà © A  common way to express the past tense heated in French is to use the  passà © composà ©. To do this, conjugate the  auxiliary, or helping verb  avoir  to the correct subject, then add the  past participle  chauffà ©. For instance, I heated becomes jai chauffà © and we heated is nous avons chauffà ©. You should note that  ai  and  avons  are conjugates of  avoir.  Also, the past participle does not change when the subject does. More Simple  Chauffer  Conjugations to Know At first, students should focus on the present, past, and future forms of  chauffer  as these are used most often. With experience, you may also find a use for the subjunctive or conditional verb forms. Both of these imply some degree of uncertainty to the verb. In rare instances and primarily in literature, you will see the passà © simple and imperfect subjunctive forms of  chauffer. While you may not use or need them yourself, you should at least be able to recognize and associate them with to heat. Subject Subjunctive Conditional Passà © Simple Imperfect Subjunctive je chauffe chaufferais chauffai chauffasse tu chauffes chaufferais chauffas chauffasses il chauffe chaufferait chauffa chauffà ¢t nous chauffions chaufferions chauffà ¢mes chauffassions vous chauffiez chaufferiez chauffà ¢tes chauffassiez ils chauffent chaufferaient chauffà ¨rent chauffassent For short and direct exclamations, use  chauffer  in the imperative form. To do so, theres no need to include the subject pronoun. Rather than saying tu chauffe, you can simply say chauffe. Imperative (tu) chauffe (nous) chauffons (vous) chauffez

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Classical and modern day music Free Essays

Classical and Modern day Music From the 12th century to the 21st century music has been vital to everyday life. Whether the music is coming from the trumpet playing an old time classical or from the beat of a rapper raping his favorite tune or song; the creativity and passion for music starts to flow out of every person who lets It. Music had changed drastically over the years. We will write a custom essay sample on Classical and modern day music or any similar topic only for you Order Now Three ways music has changed Is by adding Instruments, changing the message, and by changing the purpose. A lot of people have been exposed to music, whether it’s classical or everyday modern. The basis of music has changed, since the early days of Just playing one Instrument and singing the thoughts that pop Into the singers head. Music started out with little equipment and has only progressed since. Today, music goes through a process before It’s even heard. There Is so much work put Into having a song sound good. Back In the old days, music was played out of enjoyment. It came from the heart. Lassie music Is known to have a did dynamic range and will often speed up and slow down at different times. While modern music often expresses emotion through the singer, there is more of an emphasis and variation that in classical music. From classical to modern music the amount of instruments has increased tremendously. In classical and modern music the message differs in each century. Whether the people know it or not music can affect their mood and influence their behaviors as w ell. Music had personalities, which can express what people feel. Each song touches someone through ways like caching a life lesson or by touching your heart. Every generation has music that impacts the world by motivating people to do certain things or defines a person’s personality. Each had music sums up the generation. Classical music generally gives the message of relaxation and peace. Modern music had many messages depending on the genre. There is a song for every mood. Within each century the message changes through each passing mood. In modern and classical music the purpose for the songs written had varied. Classical music’s purpose is generally to entertain an audience and to excite listeners emotionally and intellectually. While some modern music is developed to stimulate in similar ways, it also diverges from classical music. Whether your purpose is to dance and Jump around or to relax in bed, there are endless possibilities. Throughout the years, each music genre has been imperative to oneself. Music is what moves everyone, and without It, life would be meaningless. From and old hymn to a funky lyric; the Intentions have changed but one thing still remains. Music has and will always be a way of life to our culture. Music has transformed by adding Instruments, changing the message, and by altering the purpose. Although music has changed through each passing year; It Is still vital In how we view life today. Music starts to flow out of every person who lets it. Music had changed drastically over the years. Three ways music has changed is by adding instruments, changing since the early days of Just playing one instrument and singing the thoughts that pop into the singers head. Music started out with little equipment and has only progressed since. Today, music goes through a process before it’s even heard. There is so much work put into having a song sound good. Back in the old days, music was played out of enjoyment. It came from the heart. Classical music is known to have a oneself. Music is what moves everyone, and without it, life would be meaningless. From and old hymn to a funky lyric; the intentions have changed but one thing still transformed by adding instruments, changing the message, and by altering the purpose. Although music has changed through each passing year; it is still vital in How to cite Classical and modern day music, Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Story of a Man free essay sample

I think he was for the most part a trifle the worse for liquor. I was standing at the bar one evening, my foot on the rail, with an acquaintance – they make a very good dry martini at the Palace Hotel in Guatemala City when the man with the scar came up. I shook my head as for the twentieth time since my arrival he held out for inspection his lottery tickets. But my companion nodded affably. ‘Que tal, general? How is life? ’ ‘Not so bad. Business is none too good, but it might be worse. ‘What will you have, general? ’ ‘A brandy. ’ He tossed it down and put the glass back on the bar. He nodded to my acquaintance. ‘Gracias. Hasta Luego. ’ Then he turned away and offered tickets to the men who were standing next to us. ‘Who is your friend? ’ I asked. ‘That’s a terrific scar on his face. ’ ‘It doesn’t add to his beauty, does it? He’s an exile from Nicaragua. He’s a ruffian of course and a bandit, but not a bad fellow. I give him a few pesos now and then. He was a evolutionary general and if his ammunition hadn’t given out he’d have upset the government and be minister of war now instead of selling lottery tickets in Guatemala. They captured him, along with his staff, such as it was, and tried him by court-martial. Such things are rather summary in those countries, you know, and he was sentenced to be shot at dawn. I guess he knew what was coming to him when he was caught. He spent the night in gaol and he and the others, there were five of them altogether, passed the time playing poker. They used matches for chips. He told me he’d never had such a run of bad luck in his life. When day broke and the soldiers came into the cell to fetch them for execution he had lost more matches than a reasonable man could use in a life time. They were led into the patio of the gaol and placed against a wall, the five of them side by side, with the firing party facing them. There was a pause and our friend asked the officer in charge of them what the devil they were keeping him waiting for. The officer said that the general commanding the government troops wished to attend the execution and they awaited his arrival. Then I have time to smoke another cigarette,† said our friend. â€Å"He was always unpunctual. † But he had barely lit it when the general – it was San Ignacio, by the way: I don’t know whether you ever met him – followed by his A. D. C. came into the patio. The usual formalities were performed and San Ignacio asked the condemned men whether there was anything they wished before the execution took place. Four of the five shook their heads, but our friend spoke. â€Å"Yes, I should like to say goodbye to my wife. † â€Å"Bueno,† said the general, â€Å"I have no objection to that. Where is she? † â€Å"She is waiting at the prison door. † â€Å"Then it will not cause a delay of more than five minutes. † â€Å"Hardly that, Senor General. † â€Å"Have him placed on one side. † Two soldiers advanced and between them the condemned rebel walked to the spot indicated. The officer in command of the firing squad on a nod from the general gave an order, there was a ragged report, and the four men fell. They fell strangely, not together, but one after the other, with movements that were almost grotesque, as though they were puppets in a toy theatre. The officer went up to them and into one who was still alive emptied two chambers of his revolver. Our friend finished his cigarette and threw away the stub. There was a little stir at the gateway. A woman came into the patio, with quick steps, and then, her hand on her heart, stopped suddenly. She gave a cry and with outstretched arms ran forward. â€Å"Caramba,† said the general. She was in black, with a veil over her hair, and her face was dead white. She was hardly more than a girl, a slim creature, with little regular features and enormous eyes. But they were distraught with anguish. Her loveliness was such that as she ran, her mouth slightly open and the agony of her face beautiful, a gasp of surprise was wrung from those indifferent soldiers who looked at her. The rebel advanced a step or two to meet her. She flung herself into his arms and with a hoarse cry of passion: alma de mi corazon, soul of my heart, he pressed his lips to hers. And at the same moment he drew a knife from his ragged shirt – I haven’t a notion how he had managed to retain possession of it – and stabbed her in the neck. The blood spurted from the cut vein and dyed his shirt. Then he flung his arms round her and once more pressed his lips to hers. It happened so quickly that many didn’t know what had occurred, but from the others burst a cry of horror; they sprang forward and seized him. They loosened his grasp and the girl would have fallen if the A. D. C. hadn’t caught her. She was unconscious. They laid her on the ground and with dismay on their faces stood round watching her. The rebel knew where he was striking and it was impossible to staunch the blood. In a moment the A. D. C. who had been kneeling by her side rose. She’s dead,† he whispered. The rebel crossed himself. â€Å"Why did you do it? † asked the general. â€Å"I loved her. † A sort of sigh passed through those men crowded together and they looked with strange faces at the murderer. The general stared at him for a while in silence. â€Å"It was a noble gesture,† he said at last. â€Å"I cannot execute this man. Take my car and have him led t o the frontier. Senor, I offer you the homage which is due from one brave man to another. † A murmur of approbation broke from those who listened. The A. D. C. tapped the rebel on the shoulder, nd between the two soldiers without a word he marched to the waiting car. ’ My friend stopped and for a time I was silent. I must explain that he was a Guatemaltecan and spoke to me in Spanish. I have translated what he told me as well as I could, but I have made no attempts to tone down his rather high-flown language. To tell the truth I think it suits the story. ‘But how did he get the scar? ’ I asked at length. ‘Oh, that was due to a bottle that burst when he was opening it. A bottle of ginger ale. ’ ‘I never liked it,’ said I.